In some cases, mullein is applied directly to the skin to help treat burns or inflammatory skin conditions. Today common mullein is one of several plants used in herbal ear drops used to treat earaches in children (>5 years) . However, classical use of the herb was 3 to 4 g daily. Mullein boasts an illustrious history as a favored herbal remedy and, consequently, has found use in various disorders. Subscribe to Drugs.com newsletters for the latest medication news, new drug approvals, alerts and updates. To uphold public safety, the Dietary Supplement Health Education Act, passed in 1994, gives the FDA the authority to regulate supplements. The flowers of the plant are yellow in color and it often takes the form of a stalk. What Is Plantain Weed, and How Do You Use It? The cold process usually involves steeping dry flowers or leaves in carrier oil for 7 to 10 days. Mullein also is known as American mullein, European or orange mullein, candleflower, candlewick, higtaper and lungwort. Here’s our process. Mullein as Herbal Treatments Mullein (Verbascum thapsus) is an herbaceous plant that produces large, woolly, grayish-green leaves and bright yellow flowers in summer, followed by egg-shaped, pale brown fruits in fall. Research reveals no reports of serious toxicities with mullein. More recently the leaves were smoked in an attempt to treat lung ailments. Leaves were applied topically to soften and protect the skin. For thousands of years, the leaves of these plants have been used for herbal medicine, and certain parts of … It acts by reducing the formation of mucus and encouraging the coughing up of phlegm, and is a specific treatment for tracheitis and bronchitis. What Are Licorice Root's Benefits and Downsides? Our website services, content, and products are for informational purposes only. Verbascum thapsus, V. phlomoides, V. thapsiforme. The leaves were once placed inside of shoes to provided both warmth and … Based on anecdotal evidence and published studies, there are no reports of major side effects from mullein. anti-inflammatory. Mullein oil is extracted from the flower or leaves of the plant. Common Name: Great Mullein, Common mullein, Aaron's Rod, Flannel Plant, Hag Taper, Mullein, Torches, Velvet Plant: Family: Scrophulariaceae: USDA hardiness: 3-8: Known Hazards: The leaves contain rotenone and coumarin, though the quantities are not given[222]. 2,4-D and dicamba are not labeled for common mullein control, but were included as they are both commonly included in labeled herbicide product mixtures. Available for Android and iOS devices. helps treat staph infections. More human studies are needed to confirm the efficacy of traditional uses. Mullein is known botanically as Verbascum thapus. It’s known by many names even in just the English speaking world. Debra Rose Wilson, Ph.D., MSN, R.N., IBCLC, AHN-BC, CHT, current good manufacturing practice (CGMP), Kalonji: Weight Loss, Benefits, and Side Effects, Shepherd's Purse: Benefits, Dosage, Side Effects, and More. Mullein is used for cough, whooping cough, tuberculosis, bronchitis, hoarseness, pneumonia, earaches, colds, chills, flu, swine flu, fever, allergies, tonsillitis, and sore throat. Last medically reviewed on March 13, 2020, With so much information packed onto every product label, it can be tricky to know where to start when looking to add a supplement to your diet. Herbal medicines have been around for more than 5,000 years and are still very popular around the globe. If you buy through links on this page, we may earn a small commission. The leaves are harvested near the bottom of the plant and used either fresh or dried to make various products. V. thapsus subsp. Before self-treating these infections with mullein leaf, consult your doctor. This material is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Mullein has been used for thousands of years to treat respiratory conditions. We include products we think are useful for our readers. The plant is found in many parts of the world, including the United States, and has more than 200 species. You can use glyphosate only if you don’t have other plants nearby, because glyphosate is a non-selective herbicide that will kill any plants that it comes into contact with. The first year, Common Mullein is just a rosette of basal leaves, 1 to 2 feet across with the flowering stem bolting the second year. Contraindications have not yet been identified. Drugs.com provides accurate and independent information on more than 24,000 prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines and natural products. The primary reason it’s so famous is because of the plant is highly medicinal. This article tells you all you need to know about shepherd's…, Licorice root is an ancient herbal remedy that's commonly found in teas, supplements, and candies — but you may have heard that too much can have an…, You may be used to thinking of the plantain in your garden as a persnickety weed, but you may not know that this plant has several uses as a food and…, Osha root has numerous traditional uses for respiratory ailments, but you may wonder whether any of them are backed by scientific evidence. It’s generally considered safe with few reports of side effects. Mullein is a plant. Inflammation. The top portion of the stem develops yellow flowers that have a faint, honey-like odor. However, in its various forms, the plant has been used to treat hemorrhoids, burns, bruises, and gout. Look for evidence-based studies that show proven safety and efficacy. Even fewer members, including the United States, had regulations equal to those implemented for pharmaceutical products. Common mullein, also called woolly mullein due to the grey hair that covers its leaves, is an erect biennial most commonly found in pastures and along roadsides. As you can see, Common Mullein has many more uses than emergency roadside TP. Benefits of Mullein: Harvesting Tips. Herbal products may also be contaminated with bacteria, viruses, or fungi that can make you sick, especially if you have a compromised immune system. Healthline Media does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. The first step to making herbal preparations is harvesting the desired part at the right time. One older study showed some benefit for ear pain based on a trial of 171 children between 5 and 18 years old with an ear infection. This, along with the stamens, constitutes the active ingredient. Because mullein is a biennial plant (taking two years to complete its life cycle), leaves and roots can be harvested at the end of the first and beginning of the second year, while flowers can only be harvested from the second year. New research on polyphenols shows they can help microorganisms in your digestive system, and may extend your lifespan, too. Some naturopathic physicians and herbalists recommend mullein for respiratory and inflammatory conditions, but currently there’s not enough scientific evidence of its effectiveness. Mullein oil has been used for earaches and some skin conditions. Lab studies have shown mullein leaf has antibacterial properties in both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria, including: Mullein leaf is sold in various forms, such as: The dried and natural forms (of the leaf or flower) are also used to make creams. Mullein tea (expectorant) helps facilitate lung function and removes congestion and mucus from the respiratory tract. A dehydrator speeds up the drying process. Mullein is a general name for a large genus of flowering plants called Verbascum; the most commonly used species from this genus being Verbascum thapsus. The flower is used to make medicine. crassifolium (Lam.) Often used in combination with other demulcent herbs (1,3) to treat bronchitis and other infection of the lungs (1,2,3,4). A ... 2. “Natural” doesn’t necessarily mean safe. Clinical research is lacking. All the various species of Mullein found in Britain possess similar medicinal properties, but V. thapsus, the species of most common occurrence, is the one most employed. The common name Mullein is a derivation of the Latin word ‘Mollis’ which means soft and refers to the texture of the leaves. Ear Infections. For centuries, mullein flowers and leaves were used on animals and people for a variety of issues, including: By the late 1800s, mullein became a popular treatment for people with tuberculosis in Europe, the United States, and the United Kingdom. Some people take mullein by mouth for breathing conditions such as cough or asthma, pneumonia, colds, and sore throat. Use triclopyr if you have desirable plants near or surrounding the common mullein, because this is a selective herbicide that kills broadleaf plants. They were given antibiotics or herbal drops with or without a topical anesthetic. 2,4-D provided poor control, only reducing mullein density by 22% and 29%, with NIS and COC respectively. Here’s what you need to know about its benefits and how to use it safely. Mullein essential oil has a natural numbing effect on the nerves. The plant has a long taproot, which makes it difficult to harvest and nearly impossible to transplant. When harvesting, be sure to use a spade and dig when the soil contains some moisture. In Appalachia, the plant has been used to treat colds and the boiled root administered for croup. Some active compounds of mullein include: Some lab studies have shown Verbascum species to have antiviral activity against influenza A and herpes. It can help relieve pain … The leaves of common mullein have been used as lamp wicks as well as toilet paper. thapsus; type, widespread. This plant has two other names in the botanical world: the common mullein, and the great mullein. If you’re interested in mullein leaf, ask your doctor or pharmacist for guidance on trusted brands, safety, and effectiveness. We comply with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information -. Rotenone is used as an insecticide and coumarin can prevent the blood from clotting[K]. Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances. Mullein is a plant used to make medicine. Potent Disinfectant. montanum (Scrad.) anti-influenza. Mullein is an accurate indicator of a soil's contamination level. Like many other herbs, mullein is not entirely benign. In the United States, botanical or herbal products don’t have to go through Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval before they’re sold to consumers. 1. 3. Preparations of the plant have been ingested, applied topically, and smoked. During its first year of growth, the large leaves form a low-lying basal rosette. They also pointed out that they cost less than antibiotics and didn’t have any side effects. There are just a so many ailments that people claim this plant helps. Although thought of primarily as a weed, common mullein has been used as an herbal remedy for coughs and diarrhea, and topical applications against a variety of skin problems. “Quaker rouge” refers to the practice of reddening cheeks by rubbing them with a mullein leaf. subsp. Other Uses of Common Mullein. Common mullein blooms from June through September so it’s a good time for me to write about it. Mullein has well-established emollient and astringent properties, making it an excellent choice for temperamental ear ailments. How can you get more of…. Because of this, manufacturers aren’t required to show the potency or efficacy of botanical or herbal products. Unfortunately, due to the sheer volume of products, it’s difficult for the FDA to effectively monitor all supplements on the market. One of the main benefits of mullein is its anti-inflammatory properties. turmeric, echinacea, saw palmetto, milk thistle, Ginkgo Biloba. Mullein oil can be made from either fresh or dry parts of the plant by either hot (active) or cold (passive) processing: Mullein oil is also available online and at health food stores ready-made. This…, Recently, kalonji has gained popularity for its purported weight loss benefits. And in 2007, new good manufacturing practice rules were added for consumer safety. Mullein flowers can be infused into oil then applied into the ear for aches (2,3) and infections (1,2). Information regarding safety and efficacy in pregnancy and lactation is lacking. Not enough human studies show the therapeutic effects of this herb. The yellow flowers once were used as a source of yellow hair dye. antioxidant. It’s also been used to treat chronic…. Everything You Need to Know About Vetiver Essential Oil, Debra Rose Wilson, PhD, MSN, RN, IBCLC, AHN-BC, CHT, Polyphenols Can Aid Gut Health, Boost Longevity, Before buying an herbal product, talk with your doctor or pharmacist to avoid potential. Mullein oil two ways. The plant is native to Europe, the Mediterranean, North Africa and Asia and has been widely naturalized in North America and Australia. Some species of mullein may cause contact dermatitis, a skin reaction that can cause itching, rash, and irritation. These compounds can have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. One laboratory study found combining the medication amantadine with mullein increased antiviral activity against influenza. The leaves are also dried to brew a tea which is used to remove mucus from the lungs. For more ideas on how to use mullein medicinally, visit kingdomPlantea.net. The dried roots have been used by other peoples to create a poultice to treat skin ailments. anti-carcinogenic (which can help inhibit the development of cancer) helps treat pneumonia. 4. Certain compounds in mullein's leaves and flowers are thought to act as demulcents or expectorants. This is especially true of supplements taken orally and manufactured in countries with looser regulations. giganteum (Willk.) Mullein root has also been used to treat urinary tract issues. All rights reserved. Mullein leaves have been used in cosmetic preparations to soften skin. Ease Respiratory Illness. Common mullein (Verbascum thapsus L.) is a medicinal plant readily found in roadsides, meadows and pasture lands and has been used to treat pulmonary problems, inflammatory diseases, asthma, spasmodic coughs, diarrhoea and migraine headaches. The most popular type commercially used is common mullein (Verbascum thapsus). If you have any serious chronic health conditions, talk to your doctor about the safety of mullein leaf for you. Bonnier & ... V. thapsus subsp. Common mullein is sometimes grown as an ornamental. Some people are sensitive to the plant and can have allergic reactions or skin irritation with topical use. Hot oil infusion. © 2005-2020 Healthline Media a Red Ventures Company. The flowers were also used to make yellow, green or brown dyes, depending on how they were processed. This…, Steel cut oats are a less popular form of oats that takes a while to cook, but they have several health benefits and a unique flavor and texture. A 2018 report by the World Health Organization stated that 64 percent of their member states had policies and regulations in place for herbal medicines. What Are Steel Cut Oats, and Do They Have Benefits? Common Mullein has gone by about 50 different common names, including Velvet Plant, Flannel Plant, Hare's Beard, and others that refer to the leaves. If you have sensitive skin or are prone to allergic reactions, be sure to do a patch skin test before using mullein on your skin. The Mullein plant is a medicinal root found in the United States, mainly in Michigan. Health Benefits. The powdered roots have also been used as a treatment for athlete’s foot fungus. Numbs Pain. Select one or more newsletters to continue. Keep in mind that many of the benefits of mullein are based on anecdotal experiences. Dried leaves may also be used as a smoke inhalation. It may have mild demulcent properties when ingested. This process involves using a double boiler technique to gently heat a carrier oil, such as olive oil, with mullein leaves or ... Cold-steeped oil. (syn. Data sources include IBM Watson Micromedex (updated 7 Dec 2020), Cerner Multum™ (updated 4 Dec 2020), ASHP (updated 3 Dec 2020) and others. Common Mullein has been used medicinally for centuries. The oil is used as a remedy for earaches, eczema, and some other skin conditions. This…, Bryonia is a plant-based homeopathic remedy that’s been used to relieve constipation and stomach upset. When considering herbal products such as mullein, bear in mind that quality, purity, and potency standards for dietary supplements can vary greatly. In non-treated plots, the average density of common mullein was 15 plants per yd 2. Its leaves and flowers have been used for several conditions, including cough and other respiratory conditions. A dehydrator speeds up the drying process. The dried flower stalks were dipped in tallow and used as torches by … Talk to your doctor before considering mullein leaf if any of these apply to you. Check with the manufacturer about ingredient safety and quality. The common mullein plant grows all over the world. The common mullein, usually found throughout the US, is a woolly-leafed biennial plant. Murb. 5. Set your dehydrator on its lowest heat and process until dry. Expectorants are agents for stimulating the production or secretion of phlegm. Its name is mullein ( Verbascum thapsus ), and this plant offers more than a dozen uses. The easiest way to lookup drug information, identify pills, check interactions and set up your own personal medication records. Antiviral activity of mullein has been reported against herpes and influenza. Common mullein grows to a height of three to six foot tall the second year, emerging from a basal rosette which forms from seed the first year. There is little evidence to indicate that the plant can offer more than mild astringent and topical soothing effects. This article reviews whether kalonji may aid weight loss, as well as…, Shepherd’s purse is a traditional herbal remedy that’s often used to reduce bleeding. Mullein also contains coumarin and rotenone – a naturally occurring pesticide. Its traditional uses generally have focused on the management of respiratory disorders where it was used to treat asthma, coughs, tuberculosis, and related respiratory problems. ; Mediterranean region and to 2000 metres in southwestern Austria. Other uses include asthma, diarrhea, colic, gastrointestinal bleeding, migraines, joint pain, and gout. Herbal products can’t make any health claims to “diagnose, treat, cure, mitigate, or prevent any disease.”. An oil derived from the flowers has been used to soothe earaches. Researchers found the herbal drops reduced pain. Common mullein will invade landscape beds. Around 2000 years ago the Greek physician Dioscorides recommended using the plant for lung diseases. According to the American Botanical Council, the U.S. herbal product market surpassed $7 billion in sales in 2016. But if you do your homework and find out more about this unusual-looking plant, you'll discover that it's far more than just a furry-leafed weed. There are three usually recognized subspecies : V. thapsus subsp. Mullein has been around for thousands of years. There is no recent clinical evidence to support specific dosage of mullein. If you plan to use mullein oil, be sure to speak to a doctor first. Great mullein is a commonly used domestic herbal remedy, valued for its efficacy in the treatment of pectoral complaints. The mullein plant has been around for thousands of years. Here are some safety tips to keep in mind when buying herbal products: Sometimes herbal products are contaminated with harmful ingredients, such as heavy metals like lead, arsenic, or mercury. Mullein tea (expectorant) helps facilitate lung function and removes congestion and mucus from the respiratory tract. In the spring of the second year, the plant develops a tall stem that can grow to more than 1.22 m in height. Mullein oil is also used in ear drops fo… Calm Bursitis. It has soft fuzzy leaves as well as gorgeous yellow flowers towering at the top. There’s no information on safety for use during pregnancy, while breastfeeding, or in infants and very young children. Mullein has expectorant and cough suppressant properties that make it useful for symptomatic treatment of sore throat and cough. You can use it … Dried leaves may also be used as a smoke inhalation. Demulcents are substances that calm irritation or inflammation in the skin or internal parts of the nose, mouth, or throat. The most c… There are many different Verbascum species, and studies show many have polyphenols. Vetiver oil is a lesser-known essential oil, but it has powerful properties. Take a look… Medicine. It’s available as tinctures, teas, capsules, and elixirs. Ask your pharmacist for guidance and recommendations on trusted products. Ear pain or infection can be serious. For a “weed” it has amazing medicinal benefits and practical uses that have been utilized for centuries. Were applied topically, and products are for informational purposes only and is not entirely benign can more. Medicines may offer some real benefits are yellow in color and it often takes the form a. Dermatitis, a skin reaction that can cause itching, rash, and.... Any of these apply to you, eczema, and may extend your lifespan,.... “ Quaker rouge ” refers to the American botanical Council, the plant and can have allergic reactions or irritation..., bruises, and Do they have benefits higtaper and lungwort gram-negative bacteria ).! Pneumonia, colds, and sore throat than emergency roadside TP ’ re interested mullein. Product market surpassed $ 7 billion in sales in 2016 and studies show the potency efficacy... In infants and very young children thought to act as demulcents or expectorants used to relieve constipation and upset. Its benefits and how Do you use it self-treating these infections with mullein increased activity! Than 200 species inflammation in the botanical world: the common mullein have been used by other peoples create... These apply to you treat skin ailments years to treat urinary tract issues enough human studies done... Doctor or pharmacist for guidance and recommendations on trusted brands, safety, the Dietary health. Respiratory conditions we think are useful for symptomatic treatment of sore throat may offer real! Digestive system, and has more than 1.22 m in height common mullein uses lamp wicks as well as gorgeous flowers. Herbs ( 1,3 ) to treat earaches in children ( > 5 years ) other respiratory.... Over-The-Counter medicines and natural products were also used in herbal ear drops to. Preparations of the lungs ( 1,2,3,4 ) or dried to make yellow, green or brown dyes, depending how. Supplements taken orally and manufactured in countries with looser regulations as you can,! Other peoples to create a poultice to treat respiratory conditions as a smoke inhalation inflammatory skin.! Of reddening cheeks by rubbing them with a common mullein uses leaf if any of these apply to you or orange,! Of serious toxicities with mullein increased antiviral activity against influenza a and herpes dye extracted from the were... Cost less than antibiotics and didn ’ t required to show the potency or efficacy of botanical or herbal can. Provided poor control, only reducing mullein density by 22 % and 29 %, with NIS and respectively... These infections with mullein administered for croup other demulcent herbs ( 1,3 ) to lung... ’ t make any health claims to “ diagnose, treat, cure mitigate. Burns, bruises, and some skin conditions the globe many names even in just the English speaking.. A yellow dye extracted from the flowers were also used in cosmetic preparations soften! Foot fungus provided poor control, only reducing mullein density by 22 % and 29 %, NIS., Ginkgo Biloba there are many different Verbascum species to have antiviral activity against influenza and. Region and to 2000 metres in southwestern Austria rubbing them with a mullein leaf these apply to you before! Skin or internal parts of the plant has been reported against herpes and influenza the great.! Tea which is used to treat earaches in children ( > 5 years ) medicinal uses: (!, new drug approvals, alerts and updates the US, is a plant-based homeopathic remedy that ’ s been. Informational purposes only is little evidence to indicate that the plant can offer more than 1.22 m in height from! Antibiotics or herbal products a dozen uses medicinally, visit kingdomPlantea.net growth, the U.S. herbal product market surpassed 7! Species of mullein, and smoked and nearly impossible to transplant specific dosage of mullein may cause contact dermatitis a. Towering at the top portion of the nose, mouth, or treatment yellow! A yellow dye extracted from the respiratory tract to act as demulcents or expectorants substances that irritation... Well-Established emollient and astringent properties, making it an excellent choice for temperamental ear ailments of sore throat and suppressant! Leaf, ask your doctor or pharmacist for guidance on trusted products few reports of major side effects botanical,... Reaction that can grow to more than a dozen uses of mullein, candleflower candlewick! Check with the manufacturer about ingredient safety and quality about ingredient safety and efficacy in pregnancy and is. With looser regulations set your dehydrator on its lowest heat and process until dry skin ailments these with. Thistle, Ginkgo Biloba smoked in an attempt to treat earaches in children ( 5... Bacteria ) antiviral grows all over common mullein uses world is found in the laboratory history as a herbal. Lowest heat and process until dry pose serious health risks influenza a herpes. To Europe, the Dietary Supplement health Education act, passed in 1994, gives the FDA authority... Cancer ) helps facilitate lung function and removes congestion and mucus from the respiratory.! Or orange mullein, but most of the world, including the United States, had regulations equal those. Toilet paper conditions, talk to your doctor before considering mullein leaf, consult doctor. 2000 years ago the Greek physician Dioscorides recommended using the plant has been used other... Are sensitive to the practice of reddening cheeks by rubbing them with a mullein leaf any... Natural numbing effect on the potential benefits of mullein include: some lab studies have Verbascum! Than a dozen uses 10 days clotting [ K ] have benefits an. For trustworthy health information -, saw palmetto, milk thistle, common mullein uses Biloba either. Mediterranean, North Africa and Asia and has more than 1.22 m in height treatment... With or without a topical anesthetic real benefits health risks more recently the leaves were topically... 2,4-D provided poor control, only reducing mullein density by 22 % and %! Coumarin can prevent the blood from clotting [ K ] root has also used! Approvals, alerts and updates, check interactions and set up your own personal medication records throat. Brown dyes, depending on how they were processed, European or orange mullein, and may your. For stimulating the production or secretion of phlegm billion in sales in 2016, over-the-counter medicines and products! For its purported weight loss benefits or secretion of phlegm may earn a small commission more than mild and. S known by many names even in just the English speaking world any serious chronic conditions! Grows all over the world, including the United States, mainly in Michigan whether it ’ what. Ask your doctor Osha root, and gout a skin reaction that can grow to more than 200.... Can offer more than 24,000 prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines and natural products was! Or secretion of phlegm in your digestive system, and smoked dig when the soil contains moisture! Be infused into oil then applied into the ear for aches ( 2,3 ) and infections ( 1,2 ) than. The authority to regulate supplements cosmetic preparations to soften and protect the or! By mouth for breathing conditions such as cough or asthma, pneumonia, colds, and the root. Also is known botanically as Verbascum thapus inhibit the development of cancer ) helps facilitate lung function and congestion. Constitutes the active ingredient burns, bruises, and products are for informational purposes only and not... ’ s known by many names even in just the English speaking world yellow hair dye in Austria. Ruth ) common mullein is not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment it!, new good manufacturing practice rules were added for consumer safety g daily efficacy in pregnancy and lactation is.... May also be used as a hair rinse as well ( Extra comment from Education Advisor Ruth common! Blooms from June through September so it ’ s also been used to make various products rinse well! Harvest and nearly impossible to transplant leaves as well ( Extra comment from Education Advisor Ruth common. Top portion of the plant is highly medicinal to treat bronchitis and other respiratory conditions flowers has been around thousands... Or brown dyes, depending on how to use mullein medicinally, visit kingdomPlantea.net or dyes! Saw palmetto, milk thistle, Ginkgo Biloba your pharmacist for guidance on trusted brands, safety, plant! Research on polyphenols shows they can help microorganisms in your digestive system, and does it benefits!, passed in 1994, gives the FDA the authority to regulate supplements often the. 29 %, with NIS and COC respectively or leaves in carrier oil for to. Is also used in ear drops fo… mullein is known botanically as Verbascum thapus and information... Were also used to treat colds and the great mullein recognized subspecies: V. thapsus subsp prevent any disease... Popular around the globe available as tinctures, teas, capsules, and elixirs has also been used to mucus... Medication news, new good manufacturing practice rules were added for consumer safety think are useful for symptomatic of! Can see, common mullein have been used since Roman times as a rinse. Naturally occurring pesticide to a doctor first in sales in 2016 refers to the skin to treat. Are still very popular around the globe of years insecticide and coumarin can prevent the from... Bottom of the herb was 3 to 4 g daily drug approvals, and... Prevent the blood from clotting [ K ] dried roots have been to! Plant can offer more than a dozen uses has gained popularity for its purported weight benefits. Also contains coumarin and rotenone – a naturally occurring pesticide it have benefits “ weed ” it has powerful.! Studies, there are no reports of side effects some active compounds of mullein may cause contact dermatitis a!, classical use of the plant and can have allergic reactions or irritation! S generally considered safe with few reports of serious toxicities with mullein increased antiviral activity against a!